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    云南省德宏州梁河县第一中学高中英语 Unit 5 Music Grammar课件 新人教版必修2

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    内容提示: 课标人教实验版高一 Module 2Unit 5 The Attributive Clause 1 To review common knowledge on the Attributive Clausesthe Attributive Clauses.2 To develop the ability to use the Attributive Clauses. Can you find two sentences in the reading passage that contain “of which /in which” attributive clause?The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. However, after a year or so in whichthey became more serious about their work, the Monkees...

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    课标人教实验版高一 Module 2Unit 5 The Attributive Clause 1 To review common knowledge on the Attributive Clausesthe Attributive Clauses.2 To develop the ability to use the Attributive Clauses. Can you find two sentences in the reading passage that contain “of which /in which” attributive clause?The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. However, after a year or so in whichthey became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. 有关系代词或关系副词引导用来修饰主句中的某一个名词或代词并起定语作用的从句, 叫定语从句。 定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词, 从句跟在先行词后面面。定语从句的构成方法是: 关系代词或副词+陈述句语序, 关系代词有: who, whom, whose, which, that, as等; 关系副词有when, where, why等。 关系代词有双重功能, 一方面代表前面所修饰的先行词, 把从句与先行词连接起来; 另一方面引导出从句并在连接起来; 另方面引导出从句并在从句中充当某种句子成分。 1.The number of people who/that lost homes reached as many as 250,000.2.It sounded like a train which/that was going under my house. 关系代词之物时只用which不用that的情况(1) 关系代词在从句中作介词宾语并且介词提前至关系代词前时只用which, 但当介词在从句句尾时 两者皆可但当介词在从句句尾时, 两者皆可。This is the question about whichwe’ve had so much discussion.= This is the question which / that we’ve had so much discussion about. (2) 在非限定性定语从句中必须用which不能用that。This is the book which/that I’m looking for.They have invited me to visit their country, which is very kind of them.当关系代词作look after, look for等不能拆开使用的及物动词性短语的宾语时, 介词不可以提前。 1. 关系副词where之地点, 在从句中作地点状语。This is the house where he lived.关系副2. 关系副词when指时间, 在从句中作指时间 在从句中作时间状语。I’ll never forget the days when we played together. 3. 关系副词why指原因, 在从句中作原因状语。He explained the reason why he was late.注意: 关系副词有时可用介词+which来代替。 如上句中where=in which; when=on which; why=for which Rewrite the sentence using the attributive clause:1. I remember the day. “The Beatles” ld h i fihihdplayed their first hit on that day.I remember the day when “The Beatles” played their first hit. 2. The guitar was lost while he was touring. George gave many performances with it.The guitar with which George gave many performances was lost while he was touring.was touring.3. The musicians were very popular. They worked with the musicians. The musicians with whom they worked were very popular. 1.that 与which1.Nothing ______ can be done has been done.2 Do you have anything2.Do you have anything ______ you don’t understand ?youthatthatthat先行词是everything, nothing, anything, something, much, little, none等不定代词, 引导定语从句用that 1.This is the best TV _____ is made in China.2.The first museum _____ he visited in Chith Hi tChina was the History Museum.Mthatthat先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 引导定语从句用that 。 I’ve read all the books _____ you lent me.that先行词被any, some, no, ymuch, few, little, every, all, very, only, last 修饰时,引导定语从句用that 。 1.The famous writer and his works _____ the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students.2 A i i2.A victim is a person, animal or thing _____ suffers pain, death, harm, etc.thatiilhithat先行词中既有人又有事物时,引导定语从句用that . Who _____ you have ever seen can do thatit better ?who做先行词时who做先行词时,引导定语从句用that 1.Her bag, in ________ she put all her money, has been stolen.2.This is the ring on ________ she spent 1000 dollars.whichwhichh3.Xiao Wang ,with ________ I went to the concert, enjoy it very much.whom在介词后面, 指事物用which, 指人用whom 1)看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配This is the book_____ which you asked.for2 如何判断介词注意: 动词短语不能拆开即介词不能提前The old man whom I am looking afteris better . 2).看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配He referred me to some reference books _____ which I am not very withfamiliar. 3)根据先行词判断, 所用的介词与先行词搭配This is our classroom, in the front ofThis is our classroom, _____________ which there is a teacher’s desk.in the front of whose 引导的定语从句表示所属关系表示所属关系3 Whose 的使用The river _______ banks are covered with trees flows to the sea.whose There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different.• A. whose backgrounds B th b• B. the backgrounds of whomkdfh• C. of whom the backgrounds • D. the backgrounds of whose The earth is round,___ we all know.___ is known to all, the earth is round.Asi kll hhh ias It___ is known to all that the earth is It4 as 的使用round.定语从句在句首时只能用as, as 具有正如之意, 与之搭配的动词一般是固定的 • This is the same book as I lost.这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。• This is the same book that I lost.这本书就是我丢的那本。 This is such an interesting book ____ we all like.This is so interesting a book ___ we all liklike.asas这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本书。定语从句 This is such an interesting book ____we all like it.thatThis is so interesting a book ____we thatall like it.这本书如此有趣, 大家都喜欢。结果状语从句 1. It is very useful to master a foreign language,_____ has been said before. which2 ___ everyone hoped, Mary has th fi tiwon the first prize. Asas引导定语从句可放在句首, 句中,句末, 而which 引导定语从句不能放在句首.as译为正如, 好像, which 则没有此义。 1 I’ll never forget the day _________ we first met in the park.2 I’ll never forget the time __________ I spent with youI spent with you.whenwhich\that3 I’ll never forget the time __________ was spent with you.4 This is the museum __________I visited last year .which\thatwhich\that 5 when, where, why 与that, which 的区分This is the reason ___________ ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reasonThe reason __________ she gave was which/thatshe gave waswhy/thatwhich/thatnot true.指时间, 地点或原因的先行词在定语从句中作主语或宾语, 用which或that引导定语从句。 6 定语从句中的动词的数He is the only one in his class who ____ (have) got the teacher’s praise. He is one ofthe students in his class whoHe is one of the students in his class who _____ (have) got the teacher’s praise. havehas关系词在定语从句中做主语时, 谓语动词的数取决于先行词 Correct the mistakes1.Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from class two.2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terriblewhich cover looks terrible.3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before.4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick. ———whomwhosewhose———\——who 5. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday.6. The man whom I spoke is from CdCanada.∧∧to7. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget.that 8. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me.which9. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate.who 10. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our schoolEnglish lessons in our school. gives 11. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China.as12.The bike by which I travelled was his.on 13. This is the place where we visited many times during the past ten years.where → that / which或去掉where14. They have decided to stay at home, that is, I think, a wise choice.15. The day will come which the people all over the world will enjoy true freedom.14 They have decided to stay at homethat → whichwhich → when 16. He is a man of great experience, from who we can learn much.17. Antarctic, which we know very little, is covered with thick ice all the year round.18. It was a meeting which importance I didn’t realize at that time.who → whomywhich → whose which前或little后加about 1. George Orwell __ was Eric Arthur, Dwrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C his real nameC. his real name D. whose real nameDhose real name高考链接解析: 答案D。 whose引导定语从句时, 只能在从句中作定语, 其他各项均构不成定语从句。 2. Anyway, that evening, ___ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A. when B. where DC. what D. which 解析: 答案D。 whose引导定语从句时,只能在从句中作定语, 其他各项均构不成定语从句。 3. What surprised me was not what he said but _______ he said it. AA. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which解析: 答案A。 the way后的定语从句可用in which或that引导, 也可全省略。 4. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ___ we would have lost Dour way. A. it B. that C. this D. which解析: 答案D。 without + which引导定语从句。 5. (NMET2004) The English play ___ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. pygA. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 6. (2000上海) Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, ___ was very reasonable. A. Which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 7. (89上海) The two things ___ they felt very proud were Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair. A. about which B. of which C. in which D. for which 8. She is a teacher of much knowledge, __ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom9. I have bought two ball pens, ___ writes well. A. none of which B. neither of which C. none of them D. neither of them 注意: “介词+关系代词” 引导的定语从句, 关系代词只能用which和whom, 且不能省略。 介词主要根据三个方面来选择: 一是先行词与介词的搭配; 二是定语从是先行词与介词的搭配; 是定语从句中谓语动词或形容词与介词的搭配; 三是根据“介词+关系代词” 在从句中的作用及意义。 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。1. I disagree with the facts ______ which your argument is based.2. The song, ______ which he was interested, will never be heard again.3. This is the reason ______ which he often comes to school late.4. I will never forget the way ______ which my teacher taught me.5. This is the hero ______ whom we are proud. oningforinof 6. I want to find the very pen ______ which I wrote that letter.7. They are the students ______ whom our teachers are thinking highly.8. It is important to choose good friends whom you can share your feelingswith______ whom you can share your feelings and thoughts.9. It will not be necessary to name the person ______ whom the card belongs.10. I would always like to do business with those people ________ whom I can rely.on / uponwithofwithto

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